Yoga is a way of life practiced in India for several thousand years. It is impossible to talk about Yoga in a few words. In relation to Indian thought, Yoga is not only a Philosophy, but also a vision, an understanding, a way of life called “Yoga Darshana” one of six Indian Darshana called Shat Darshana. The philosophies will vary depending on the school they originate. Here are some of them below.
The system of vaise? Ika, founded by the sage Kanada, postulates an atomic pluralism. According to the precepts of this school of thought, all the objects of the physical universe, the material substances, are reducible to a certain number of atoms, except the five intangible substances: time, space, ether (akasha ) the mind and the soul. The constitutive atoms of the material substances are the atoms of fire (tejo), earth (prutuvi), air (vau) and water (apo). In total, this school postulates the existence of nine elements.
The Nyaya School is based on a text called the Nyaya Sutra. It was composed by Akshapada Gautama, the important contribution brought by this school is its methodology. It is based on a system of logic that was later adopted by most other Indian schools, in the same way that one can say of science. But Nyaya is not just a logic. Its purpose is to deliver oneself from suffering through valid knowledge (pramana) in accordance with reality. There are exactly four sources of knowledge which are the perception, the inference, the comparison, and testimony, and this is according to the Nyaya School. However, the knowledge obtained by each of them can of course always be valid or invalid.
This school or philosophical system, also known as Samkhya Yoga, is presumed by Patañjali to be the editor of the Yoga Sutra, a reference work of this system. As well as confirming Ishvara as one of the models on which to meditate, the most significant difference is that the yoga school also includes the concept of Ishvara (or god) in his metaphysical worldview. The purpose of Yoga teaching is to obtain the liberation of internal conditioning that causes suffering. The Upanishads proclaim that the deliverance of suffering passes through knowledge (jñana).
Purvamimamsa’s main purpose in distinguishing it from vedanta was to establish the authority of the Vedas. As a result, the most important contribution of this school of ancient research to Hinduism was its formulation of the rules of interpretation of the Vedas. His followers believed that revelation should be proven by reasoning, and should not be blindly accepted as dogma. In keeping with this belief, they emphasized the great importance of Dharma, which they understood as the result of Vedic rituals. Mimamsa accepts the logical and philosophical teachings of other schools, but believes that they have paid insufficient attention to right action. The frantic search for liberation proceeds from an egoistic desire to be free and this is according to Mimansa as well as that with only action in accordance with the prescriptions of the Vedas can achieve liberation.
The philosophy of yoga (s) will vary from school to school, however, the most important thing to remember is that all of them try to promote well-being and reduce most sorts of suffering/pain.